01 de diciembre de 2016 11:53 AM
Actualizado el 02 de diciembre de 2016 09:11 AM
In November 2015, Argentine President-elect Mauricio Macri announced that he would request at the Summit of the Common Market of the South (Mercosur)—back then scheduled for December that year—the enforcement of the democratic charter against Venezuela. From then on, such remarks would spark off a “crisis” in the regional economic bloc.
Almost at mid-2016, the widespread crisis in Venezuela became an issue of concern and analysis among some Mercosur Member States, to the extent that (within the framework of the Ushuaia protocol) Paraguay called on Uruguayan authorities to convene a meeting of Mercosur foreign ministers to assess the situation.
Amidst the uncertainty about the Mercosur leadership, Uruguayan Foreign Minister Rodolfo Nin Novoa said there was “a legal vacuum” in that regard, adding that no joint leadership of the bloc was “expected.”
In September 2016, Paraguayan Foreign Minister Eladio Loizaga highlighted that Caracas has not included Mercosur rules in its legislation nor had the country ratified the Treaty of Asunción on human rights.
On September 13, four Mercosur founding Member States (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) decided to lead the bloc jointly this second half, a move that, in their view, would quash Venezuela’s decision to hold that position.
At mid-November, both Uruguay and Paraguay warned that as from December 1, Venezuela would be suspended from Mercosur “without voice,” a move that will remain in effect until the Caribbean nation ratifies its commitments as an “associate Member State.”
Two days before the deadline expired, November 29, Venezuela announced it was prepared to adhere to the Economic Complementation Agreement No. 18 of the bloc.