Legal actions against El País seek intimidation among Venezuelan media
Media expert Oscar Lucien warned that legal actions against Spanish newspaper El País perhaps aim at generating self-censorship in the Venezuelan press. Three aspects emerge from the publication of the false image of the Venezuelan president
In an interview with daily newspaper El Universal, Lucien underscored the following aspects resulting from the publication of the image:
1.- The sanction is imposed by the journal's readership. The newspaper made a mistake for failure to check the source of the image.
2.- Secrets in connection with Chávez's health spark uncertainty in mass media, which aim at bringing information to their audience.
3.- It is also important to highlight the relevance of social networks, which in no time said the information was untrue.
Cristian Fonseca, a businessman in La Candelaria district downtown Caracas, was doing the accounts in his small shop office on Sunday December 21, 2008. The Christmas shopping season kept him working late hours into the night. It was around 11 p.m. and his phone rang. A friend broke the bad news to him over the telephone.