"Venezuela has the fourth highest homicide rate worldwide"
"The statistics point out a 74% rate of homicides per 100,000 inhabitants" "This great leap in the homicide rate is consistent with the establishment of the current political model"
Venezuela's (murder) rate is higher than that of African countries?
With the exception of Ivory Coast, the murder rate in any other African countries is lower than that in Venezuela. Neighboring Colombia was the most violent country in Latin America until in the early 2000's. Then the figures dropped and now we (Venezuela) are far ahead, not only of Colombia, but also of Chile (3.7 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants) and even Haiti (6.9).
What is our place worldwide?
I would dare say that we are in the top five. These figures change annually and sometimes there are differences among sources. Currently (2011-2012) Venezuela is among the top four or five countries were homicide is a serious social issue.
Comparatively, Venezuela could not be worse
The analysis I have made between 1958 and 2010 breaks down in a first stage that goes until the 1980's, where the variation tended to a low and irregular increase. However, in the 1990's, a change was recorded and the variation went from a rate of 10 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants to 17 homicides, by end of the decade. Then, from year 2000 the numbers have rocketed up.
What would be the reason for that boom?
Demographic changes, industrialization, almost disappearance of the country areas, the development of big urban poor areas. Also, the traditional risk factors: poverty, unemployment, and social inequality. Nonetheless, the latter element has greater influence than poverty. For example, in Haiti, a much poorer country than Venezuela, the murder rate is less than seven homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, whereas Venezuela recorded over 74.5 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in 2009, according to the National Poll on Victimization and Perception of Citizen Insecurity, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics (government agency) and the Andes University.
You mentioned common causes of violence. Are there any factors inherent in Venezuela's reality?
The fact that there is a match between the great leap in homicide rates and the establishment of a political model that fancies itself as radically different and intends to reform the social framework makes any researcher hypothesize on it.
I have the idea (confirmed by studies) that in democratic governments, there are low homicide rates because there is law and order, separation of powers, accountability, and citizen criticism.
In Venezuela, dictatorship (the government of General Marcos Pérez Jiménez) is often associated with security. Nowadays there is a high level of impunity.
Those regimes develop apparent legitimate mechanisms that are not legitimate in the practice, such as police corruption and impunity by the judges. According to the Victimization Poll, 92% thinks that information aired in the media does not have influence on violence, but the government remarks otherwise. The ostrich buries its head in the sand while social violence rockets and the homicide issue hits more than 150,000 families.
Translated by Andreína Trujillo
While she was detained, she was kept blindfolded, she was doused with water and then electric shocks were applied to her arms, breasts and genitals. She was threatened and told that she would be killed and buried in pieces." Gloria Tobón's is one on the list of documented cases reported by Amnesty International in its briefing document to the United Nations Committee Against Torture.