Venezuela, Ecuador resume refinery project
CNPC addition means capital injection
Precisely, a meeting this week in Caracas between Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa and his Venezuelan counterpart Nicolás Maduro was good to resume the bilateral energy cooperation agenda.
Correa explained last weekend that some issues, such as the Pacific refinery; the operation and implementation of the Unified System for Regional Compensation (Sucre); the development of an oilfield and trade of lube oils together with Pdvsa would be reviewed, daily newspaper El Comercio of Quito reported.
Pdvsa-Petroecuador stake in the Pacific refinery means that both state-run companies should provide 30% of the cost of the facilities. Until last year, Pdvsa reckoned that "Eloy Alfaro" Pacific refinery would cost USD 12.8 billion. As a result, Petroecuador and Pdvsa ought to provide USD 3.84 billion; CNPC would give the remainder.
In the initial shareholding, before the inclusion of the Chinese oil company, Petroecuador would be the owner of 51% of the shares, and the remaining 49% would go for Pdvsa.
Nevertheless, upon the addition of CNPC, Petroecuador will keep its owner share and the Chinese company will hold 30% of the stocks. This means that Pdvsa will become the minority shareholder with a partnership interest down to 19%.
The Pacific refinery is expected to process about 300,000 barrels per day of Ecuadorian oil, but also of Venezuelan oil from the Orinoco Oil Belt. The output will be shipped to China.
The inclusion of a capitalist partner to lever the project had been expected for over one year. In the middle of 2012, the very Venezuelan Minister of Petroleum and Mining and Pdvsa President Rafael Ramírez talked about the need to include a third partner, quite possibly China, for being the destination country of the oil supply.
A simple reason: there is oil galore, would suffice to explain Guyana's actions. Another explanation lies in the little or none efforts made by the Venezuelan government to thwart the move by the Guyanese. This is certainly not a new problem, but a problem only recently highlighted because oil is involved. But what other resources does the disputed area hold? For most of us it is a section on the map with black and white stripes on it, a depiction of something distant, alien, a nothingness not worth paying much attention to in geography classes back in elementary school.