Venezuelan Government formalizes changes in foreign exchange policy
The Higher Agency for Upgrade of the Exchange System -established under Decree 9,381- is the body that is to govern the exchange policy above the Foreign Exchange Administration Board (Cadivi).
The Official Gazette No. 40,108 of February 13, 2013 also included the Exchange Agreement No. 14, following the decision to devalue the Venezuelan currency from VEB 4.30 per US dollar to VEB 6.30 per US dollar.
Cristian Fonseca, a businessman in La Candelaria district downtown Caracas, was doing the accounts in his small shop office on Sunday December 21, 2008. The Christmas shopping season kept him working late hours into the night. It was around 11 p.m. and his phone rang. A friend broke the bad news to him over the telephone.