Venezuela seeks shelter in US dollar to protect international reserves
In 2012, the Central Bank of Venezuela cut down its non-US dollar exposure
In a message delivered ending 2012, BCV's President Nelson Merentes explained that "for the purpose of minimizing the risks stemming from the widespread global economic crisis, it (the BCV) privileged safety and liquidity in its investment strategy for international reserves, and therefore it cut down non-US dollar exposure, as other foreign currencies were expected to depreciate."
Further, the central bank decided "to reduce the average maturity of its investment portfolio and preserve important positions in central banks and supranational institutions."
Venezuela's international reserves are the US dollars used to import, repay foreign debts, and back the local currency. Some 70% of the international reserves are comprised by gold. The remaining 30%, technically known as operating reserves, is in cash, deposits, and bonds that may be sold in no time.
Today, the Eurozone faces a deep recession, amidst increased public debt, spending cuts that are taking a toll on growth, and higher taxes aimed at curbing the fiscal deficit.
The future is bleak, particularly as Germany, the main economy of the area, is on the verge of recession after a 0.5% downturn in the last quarter of 2012, the most significant drop since 2009.
Against this backdrop, despite weak economic signs in the United States, the US dollar continues to be a safe heaven.
As of January 14, Venezuela's international reserves amounted to USD 28.86 billion, with liquid reserves at a record low, under USD 3 billion.
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
President Nicolás Maduro is not only the heir to the throne, but also to an economic crisis which demanded urgent measures to rectify the course. The crisis showed up in two aspects: a 50% inflation estimate, and shortage of staples ranging between 70% and 98%. These issues might hit the President's poor popularity; considering his feeble electoral victory of 1% over his challenger.