Venezuela seeks shelter in US dollar to protect international reserves
In 2012, the Central Bank of Venezuela cut down its non-US dollar exposure
In a message delivered ending 2012, BCV's President Nelson Merentes explained that "for the purpose of minimizing the risks stemming from the widespread global economic crisis, it (the BCV) privileged safety and liquidity in its investment strategy for international reserves, and therefore it cut down non-US dollar exposure, as other foreign currencies were expected to depreciate."
Further, the central bank decided "to reduce the average maturity of its investment portfolio and preserve important positions in central banks and supranational institutions."
Venezuela's international reserves are the US dollars used to import, repay foreign debts, and back the local currency. Some 70% of the international reserves are comprised by gold. The remaining 30%, technically known as operating reserves, is in cash, deposits, and bonds that may be sold in no time.
Today, the Eurozone faces a deep recession, amidst increased public debt, spending cuts that are taking a toll on growth, and higher taxes aimed at curbing the fiscal deficit.
The future is bleak, particularly as Germany, the main economy of the area, is on the verge of recession after a 0.5% downturn in the last quarter of 2012, the most significant drop since 2009.
Against this backdrop, despite weak economic signs in the United States, the US dollar continues to be a safe heaven.
As of January 14, Venezuela's international reserves amounted to USD 28.86 billion, with liquid reserves at a record low, under USD 3 billion.
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
María Fernanda Astudillo is a store analyst for Alimentos Polar working at the company's facilities in La Yaguara. At only 23 years of age, she has made a career in that company where she has worked for the last six years. Now, besides her responsibilities, which include overseeing shipping/receiving and warehousing of goods, she is taking part in the roundtable discussions among the other companies operating in the La Yaguara industrial park, the Government and the workers exploring possible ways of coping with the order to expropriate the land.