Venezuela trims US dollars for imports; prompts Sucre
Central bank says over 300 companies use Sucre
In 2012, the Venezuelan Foreign Exchange Administration Commission (Cadivi) implemented a strategy to stimulate the Unified System for Regional Compensation (Sucre) as a mechanism to import and cut down the sale of US dollars for import via both regular operations and the Latin America Integration Association (Aladi).
Sucre is a common account unit worth USD 1.24, used by Member States of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alba); it allows Venezuelan enterprises to pay in bolivars imports from Cuba, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Ecuador.
According to Cadivi's data, Sucre's overall operations in 2012 amounted to USD 2.75 billion, 478% above the figure recorded a year earlier.
In the meantime, regular operations via Cadivi accounted for USD 18.17 billion, 7% below those recorded in 2011. Moreover, bond sales under Aladi went down 4.5%.
In late 2012, BCV's President Nelson Merentes asserted that "300 enterprises operated under Sucre by the end of 2012, 99% of which belong to the private sector."
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
A simple reason: there is oil galore, would suffice to explain Guyana's actions. Another explanation lies in the little or none efforts made by the Venezuelan government to thwart the move by the Guyanese. This is certainly not a new problem, but a problem only recently highlighted because oil is involved. But what other resources does the disputed area hold? For most of us it is a section on the map with black and white stripes on it, a depiction of something distant, alien, a nothingness not worth paying much attention to in geography classes back in elementary school.