Venezuela trims US dollars for imports; prompts Sucre
Central bank says over 300 companies use Sucre
In 2012, the Venezuelan Foreign Exchange Administration Commission (Cadivi) implemented a strategy to stimulate the Unified System for Regional Compensation (Sucre) as a mechanism to import and cut down the sale of US dollars for import via both regular operations and the Latin America Integration Association (Aladi).
Sucre is a common account unit worth USD 1.24, used by Member States of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alba); it allows Venezuelan enterprises to pay in bolivars imports from Cuba, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Ecuador.
According to Cadivi's data, Sucre's overall operations in 2012 amounted to USD 2.75 billion, 478% above the figure recorded a year earlier.
In the meantime, regular operations via Cadivi accounted for USD 18.17 billion, 7% below those recorded in 2011. Moreover, bond sales under Aladi went down 4.5%.
In late 2012, BCV's President Nelson Merentes asserted that "300 enterprises operated under Sucre by the end of 2012, 99% of which belong to the private sector."
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
A group of some 60 Venezuelan economists from across the country and from different generations and backgrounds, has met regularly in the past couple of years and now has brought forth a document explaining the reasons of the current emergency and outlining specific proposals on how to address the serious economic crisis the country has plunged into over the last three years.