Venezuela aims at consolidating the economic communal system in 2013
The model has reported advance in welfare programs related to housing and agriculture
The government’s plan 2013-2019 provides for the incorporation of 450 communes and 30,000 communal enterprises (File photo)
MAYELA ARMAS H. | EL UNIVERSAL
Wednesday December 26, 2012 11:01 AM
In December 2010, Venezuela's National Assembly approved the laws of the people's power, which provide for the incorporation of an economic communal system. Nonetheless, in two years the model has made little progress and in 2003 the Government expects to consolidate the regime that allows communities to participate in the production of goods and services.
During a speech given by President Hugo Chávez in October, the leader expressed his disappointment at the advance made in such matter and even threatened to eliminate the Ministry of the Communes.
It has been said that progress has been reported in the communal system, yet there is a still long way to go.
Such progress is evident in the Great Mission Housing Venezuelan and Great Mission AgroVenezuela, which have incorporated the people's power in the projects.
The Government aims at relying on a production network comprised by socialist companies and expects to incorporate 350 communes yearly in the 2013-2019 socialist plan of the nation. Furthermore, it seeks to set up 30,000 communal enterprises and bring about 1,000 areas for production at the communal level. It also looks forward to incorporating 3,000 communal banks.
Within the framework of the communal system, "3,000 economic communal councils are expected to be introduced."
The new model
As provided for in the law, the economic communal system is the set of relations for production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, and it is developed by the people's power.
The bottom line of the project begins with the transformation of the territory for the incorporation of different axes for development. According to the legal framework, such axes "aim at encouraging a set of economic projects for the comprehensive development of the states, and reinforcing the people's power to facilitate the transition to socialism."
The axes are appointed by the president and may be related to agriculture, energy, industries or tourism. As many as 14 axes are expected to be created in the next six-year period.
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
Oil and gas; gold and diamonds; coltan, coal, iron, bauxite, copper: the Venezuelan economy is extractive, as it relies on taking mineral substances from the earth for sale or trade.