Some 850 Venezuelans join government payroll each day
Venezuela's fiscal deficit is among the highest worldwide
High oil prices and tax collection have failed to meet skyrocketing public spending, including the growing number of pensioners and civil servants, the allocation of US dollars at a low foreign exchange rate, and subsidized food, gasoline, and public utilities.
Based on data compiled by the National Statistics Institute (INE) and the Venezuelan Institute of Social Security (IVSS), at the end of 2002 the number of civil servants and pensioners was 1.9 million. By the end of September 2012, the number jumped to 4.89 million.
Consequently, the number of public servants and pensioners soared 156% over the last 10 years. On average, 850 people joined the government payroll each day.
To make ends meet, the Venezuelan Government has pondered some moves, including devaluation as a means to obtain more bolivars per petrodollar, an increase in public utilities rates, and a tax reform.
However, such measures may undermine people's purchasing power.
In the meantime, since President Hugo Chávez is facing cancer again, there is the possibility of holding a new presidential election in the medium term. Additionally, the economic cabinet is considering taking on further debts, issuing more bolivars via the Central Bank of Venezuela (BCV), and using some funds deposited abroad.
Should the Government take such actions, inflation will escalate, the GDP-debt ratio (currently at 50%) will increase, and the structural imbalance will remain the same.
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
The story could have been different. On April 12, 2014, university students led a march to the Attorney General Office in order to submit concrete requests in regards to security and to demand the release of a group of youngsters detained in Táchira state.