No changes in literacy in Venezuela since 2003
Researcher noted that National Statistics Institute (INE) Household Survey recorded deficiencies in the education system
According to the Census, 4.9% of the Venezuelan population over 10 years is illiterate. This means that 1,101,706 people cannot write or read.
Mabel Mundó, a researcher of the Study Center for Development (Cendes), stated that since 2003, the Sampling Household Survey conducted by the INE indicated that the education missions were not changing the situation.
"Checking the record, it can be observed that the Household Survey of 2003 indicated 5.90% of illiteracy. Five years later, the illiteracy rate plunged to 5.50%. However, eight years after the implementation of the social programs for education, the illiteracy rate is 4.9% which means that this survey reflected limited changes in the illiteracy rate," she stated.
Mundó questioned that the government officers responsible for these programs did not take into account the numbers published every six months by the INE, in order to correct and accomplish the missions' objectives. "It is surprising that, despite their failures, the course of the missions has not changed."
José Vicente Rangel clearly said: "We are not conducting negotiations threatened with a gun in the head." He warned behind closed doors in the midst of the social upheaval occurred during the oil strike in 2002 and 2003. Dissenting Timoteo Zambrano answered back that no other option was available: "The thing is that otherwise, you do not negotiate."