Pdvsa signs USD 6 billion loans with China
The agreements signed with Pdvsa also include the expansion of oil fields developed in the Orinoco Belt
State-run oil holding Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa) signed new lines of credit with China amounting to USD 6 billion, which are aimed at strengthening oil industry operations and purchasing equipment.
In the framework of the Tenth Meeting of the China-Venezuela Joint Committee, Rafael Ramírez, Venezuela's Minister of Energy and Petroleum, said that China had agreed to a new USD 4 billion loan, with an eight-year term, at the London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor) plus 5%. Ramírez, who is also the president of Pdvsa, said that the funds would be used to develop joint projects in the Orinoco Oil Belt, because the government's goal is to increase oil production in the area to 1.1 million bpd by 2014.
In addition to this loan agreement, China Development Bank granted two other loans amounting to USD 2 billion. One of the credits, totaling USD 1.5 billion, will be used to fund refining projects. A USD 500 million letter of credit will be used to purchase Chinese equipment, "including oil drills and other equipment needed for oil operations," Ramírez said.
The agreements signed with Pdvsa also include the expansion of oil fields developed in the Orinoco Belt.
Pdvsa's president stressed that in addition to the Junín 4 blocks, Chinese companies will develop the Junín 1, Junín 8, Boyacá 4 and MP3 blocks, which is the area that had been granted to Chinese-Venezuelan joint venture Sinovensa. "Sinovensa is already producing 112,000 barrels a day and we want to expand oil output to 330,000 bpd by 2016."
In the Tenth Meeting of the China-Venezuela Joint Committee, the government also signed another loan agreement with China Development Bank.
Venezuela signed the renewal of the Heavy Fund for a total of USD 4 billion. Ramírez said that the original conditions of the loan were kept unchanged. He reiterated that Venezuela only ships 410,000 bpd to China in order to pay off loans.
Translated by Gerardo Cárdenas
A simple reason: there is oil galore, would suffice to explain Guyana's actions. Another explanation lies in the little or none efforts made by the Venezuelan government to thwart the move by the Guyanese. This is certainly not a new problem, but a problem only recently highlighted because oil is involved. But what other resources does the disputed area hold? For most of us it is a section on the map with black and white stripes on it, a depiction of something distant, alien, a nothingness not worth paying much attention to in geography classes back in elementary school.