CARACAS, Wednesday April 01, 2009 | Update
As the Ku Klux Klan’s lynching and terror acts were more and more frequent in the United States, Venezuela was moved by the assassination at Miraflores presidential palace of Venezuela’s Vice-President Juan Crisóstomo Gómez, President Juan Vicente Gómez’s brother. Mexican-Venezuelan relations cooled. The Venezuelan economy started to recover following the 1920 crisis
The Klan -with some four million members in the United States- in 1923 heightened racist, anti-Jewish, anti-communist and anti-immigrant actions (Photo: AP)
After eight years of a second breath of fresh air, the Ku
Klux Klan -recreated in 1915 after a first surge and fall-
peaked in the 1920's in the United States. The organization
recruited approximately 15 percent of the population, that
is, four million people. In 1923, a women's branch was established,
thus enlarging the clout and number of the racist, anti-Jewish,
anti-communist and anti-immigrant movement. In 1920-1940,
the activities of the so-called Black Legion were disclosed.
The Black Legion was an additional organization of the Ku
Klux Klan that wore black uniforms instead of white robes
and killed communists and socialists.
The Ku Klux Klan was popular again in 1915 following the premier of The Birth of a Nation, a film which extolled the first Klan which emerged after the US Civil War of 1865-1871.
The killing of black soldiers coming from World War II, as well as lynching, chase of teachers to prevent education of the majority, and harassment of civil rights advocates were the Ku Klux Klan usual practice. In 1924, the organization grew in political importance as it attracted some government officials. Tennessee, Indiana, Oklahoma and Oregon, in addition to some legislatures in the southern states, were under the Klan's control. Edward Jackson, a Republican and member of the Klan, was elected Indiana governor in 1924, and members of the Klan entered the whole government. Further, the Klan nearly imposed one of its members, William MacAddo, as candidate running for President at the Democratic Party Convention held in 1924.
Juancho Gómez is killed
The Gomez's administration unleashed one of its biggest hunts after the assassination on June 30th of Venezuela's Vice-President and brother of General Juan Vicente Gómez, Juan Crisóstomo, "Juancho" Gómez. A strong hypothesis was formed, according to which the killer, who was never identified, was presumably linked with the family, as there was a great deal of rivalry among relatives.
Mexican-Venezuelan relations got strained and were broken because Mexico provided aid to dissenters of the Gómez's government. In Mexico, Pancho Villa was murdered. The hero of the Mexican Revolution toppled in 1910 Porfirio Díaz's government. Villa and two aides were taken by surprise near his Chichuahua's rancho.
Fantoches, a literary "humorist and for general purposes" magazine, appeared for the first time under the management of caricaturist Leoncio Martínez, a contributor with El Universal. The country started to yield numbers in the black, which showed an improved economy that had been declining since 1920.
5.- Renewed status
6.- Radio Capital
9.- Cyber Radio
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